Etiella zinckenella pdf
This research show that the plants high from the first monitoring (14 hst) until the fourth monitoring (35 hst),shows the real difference. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. The larval period ranged from 13.42±0.10 days on Clark to 16 .28±0.14 days on 033 . It has been reported that the compounds 14:Ac and Z 9-14:Ac are pheromone components of two other soybean pod pests, Etiella behrii and Etiella zinckenella [10,11,12]. Pod borer (Helociverpa armigera and Etiella zinckenella): Symptoms: Young lurvae feed on blossoms and young pods that drop. Hence, observation on nature and behaviour of each developmental stage of this pest can be further utilised in the effective management at its damaging stage under field conditions.
These doctors are concerned with the one patient they are treating-not the ramifications for society as a whole. Since no immune accessions were found in the preliminary screening, directional screenings a second and third time resulted in identification of seven accessinos, G2102, G2105, G3473, G3517, G3818, G8448, G8506, with high levels of resistance to this insect. Victorian and Edwardian Theatres: An Architectural and Social Survey Jun 01, Provide feedback about this page.
Evaluation of certain insecticides on the lentil pod borer, Etiella zinckenella Triet. Etiella flights commonly occur in mid to late September, which usually coincides with early pod development in most districts. pod borer (Etiella zinckenella) in Hungary it was established that best activity was shown by the binary mixture of 11(Z)-tetradecenyl acetate and 9(Z)-tetradecenyl acetate. 7th Oct A specimen of the very rare migrant Pyralid, Etiella zinckenella, to light at Chepstow.Only the thirteenth British specimen and probably the first one for Wales.
Design was randomized complete block with three replications.
Management Spray 750 ml of endosulfan 35 EC or 2.25 kg of carbaryl 50WP in 750 L of water per ha when the attack starts. The larval period ranged from 13.42±0.10 days on ‘Clark’ to 16.28±0.14 days on ‘033’. According to the investigation of Etiella zinckenella of autumn soybean in field,its spatial distribution was obtained with the methods of aggregated target,power law of Taylor and regressive relation.The quantity of pest occurred was quite big with the pattern of even distribution.Based on this distribution pattern,a suitable sampling number and model of sequential sampling were proposed. The highest damage levels were recorded in beans - infestation by Etiella zinckenella (Treitschke) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae); due to high plant mortality rates during the vegetative period and to grain losses (caused by Colletotrichum lindemuthianum). In Florida, these insect pests were reported to attack the fruiting pods, with little to no seed being produced.
Retention indices (KI) of positional and geometric isomers of dodecenyl acetates on a polar (DB-wax, left) and apolar (HP-1, right) column. Traps baited with this mixture proved to be promising for the monitoring the flight pattern of the pest in preliminary comparisons wiht light trap data. They can cause 100% losses, leaving barren flower spikes with dry flowers and pods attached by cottony threads. The damage intensity of pod sucking bug at 45 dap of controlled environment reached 60.24%, meanwhile the damage intensity of pod borer and podworm were 46.08% and 3.85%, respectively.
There are relatively few records of important parasites and fewer still of predators, however, large parts of the world are still unsurveyed for natural enemies. Genotype 85-JP indicated some level of resistance to pod borer and it had no trichomes of pod (glabrous type). The larva and its damage, which should be averted When trapping on locust trees, set the trap at a height of 2.0 - 2.5 m in the tree canopy. Pyralidae, praecinctorium absent, tympanum and conjunctiva in the same plane (line horizontal only). This elementary study was conducted in two regions Nashabiah at countryside of Damascus and Khan arnabah at Qunaiterah.
It could be that stories of dying young people are much more Technology sustains our organs until we are well past the point of awareness and coherence. The research resulted that, the all of insecticide that use make to the control pest of pod Riptortus linearis and Etiella zinckenella towards soybeans. In Bengkulu, it become the most important pest of groundnut and can cause yield loss up to 100% in area where farmer grow groundnut instead of soybean. Pea Pod Borer: Etiella zinckenella (Pyralidae: Lepidoptera) The larvae damage the crop by feeding on flowers and pods. The experimental design for this research was randomized block design with 2 factors. These 35 species include all the more important British ones and seven which have not yet been recorded in Britain, viz. Soybean pod borer, Etiella zinckenella Treitschke, is one of the most important soybean insect pests.
pod borer, Etiella zinckenella (Treit.) and determine the heat units required for its activity. Objective of the research was to find out some advanced soybean lines that resistant to pod borrer. The increasing and stabilizing of soybean product in Indonesia face many limitations. Study of oviposition behavior of Etiella zinckenella Treitschke on several Indonesian localcultivars of soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merrill was conducted with multiple choice and no choice tests. Agworld and Greenbook do not provide any guarantee or assurance that the information obtained through this service is accurate, current or correct, and are therefore not liable for any loss resulting, directly or indirectly, from reliance upon this service. This new system monitors the angle-to-ground of the boom, tower or tower jib with a sensor, and swiftly alerts the operator of danger.
Older pods show a brown spots where the lurvae has entered.
The fourteenth British specimen was reported at Portland, on the south coast of England, on the 9th Oct. The incidence levels of moths and larvae of Etiella zinckenella were studied in the reproductive stage of soybean at eight farmers' field sites. but the former is considered as high priority pest of soybean in Indonesia as its larvae significantly destroy the seeds (Talekar and Lin, 1994). The material and content contained in the Greenbook label database is for general use information only. etiella zinckenella pdf All Formats Paperback Hardcover Sort by: Popularity Popularity Featured Price: Low to High Price: High to Low Avg. Conclusion: Biology of an insect pest is a condition precedent to find out its management strategies. zinckenella on tropical region does not differ with other results on non-tropical region.
A positive relationship was found between moths, caught by sweeping during flowering and pod-formation, and seed damage. Distribution: County Map: Clicking on a county returns the records for the species in that county. The data obtained were then analyzed statistically by multiple linear regression test.
reported pea pod borer, Etiella zinckenella peaked during the 1st week of December.The correlation of the larval population of Etiella zinckenella was found negative with maximum (r= - 0.187) and positive with minimum (r= 0.188) temperature during rabi season 2016-17. baeticus and Etiella zinckenella recorded a low mean number of (4± 4.00 and 1.33±0.33) with ranges of (0-12 &1-2) individuals, insects/ 45pods in mid February at 110C and 47% of R.H%. Etiella zinckenella caused considerable direct damage and seed yield losses by feeding on seeds and indirect damage by reducing quality and marketability of infested crops . Pod borer (Etiella zinckenella) is a serious pest on peanuts in West Sumatera since the last four years.The larvae lived and bored on pods under soil surfaces and it is often undetected. Mayo Clinic Marketplace Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic. Trials were conducted at Kabete and Kiboko in 1995-96 to evaluate the efficacy of some insecticides on short-, medium- and long-duration pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) genotypes.
Osteonecrosis generally occurs secondary perthds abnormal or damaged blood supply to the femoral epiphysis, leading to fragmentation, bone loss, and eventual structural collapse of the femoral head. A total of 16 isolates obtained at the initial stage were selected by testing them against the fifth instar larvae Tenebrio molitor. Identification of four components from the female sex pheromone of the lima-bean pod borer, Etiella zinckenella.